New Braunfels ( BRAWN-felz) is a city in Comal and Guadalupe counties in the U.S. state of Texas known for its German-Texan heritage. It is the seat of Comal County. The city covers 44.9 square miles (116 km2) and has a 2019 estimated population of 90,209. A suburb just north of San Antonio, and part of the Greater San Antonio metropolitan area, it is the third-fastest-growing city in the nation. New Braunfels was established in 1845 by Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels, Commissioner General of the Mainzer Adelsverein, also known as the Noblemen’s Society. Prince Carl named the settlement in honor of his home of Solms-Braunfels, Germany.
The Adelsverein organized hundreds of people in Germany to settle in Texas. Immigrants from Germany began arriving at Galveston in July 1844. Most then traveled by ship to Indianola in December 1844, and began the overland journey to the Fisher-Miller land grant purchased by Prince Carl. At the urging of John Coffee Hays, who realized the settlers would not have time to build homes and plant crops further inland before winter, and as the German settlers were traveling inland along the Guadalupe River, they stopped near the Comal Springs. Prince Carl bought two leagues of land from Rafael Garza and Maria Antonio Veramendi Garza for $1,111.00.
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