Mineola is a city in Wood County, Texas, United States. It lies at the junction of U.S. highways 69 and 80, eighty miles east of Dallas in southwestern Wood County. The population was 4,515 at the 2010 census.Mineola came into existence when the railroads built lines through the Eastern part of the state. In 1873 the Texas and Pacific and the International-Great Northern raced to see which could get to Mineola first. The I-GN reached the finish fifteen minutes earlier. A city government was organized in 1873, a post office opened in 1875, and the town incorporated in 1877, but a fire in the 1880s destroyed eighteen buildings. The town’s oldest paper, the Mineola Monitor, was founded in 1876.
By 1890 the town had seven churches, several schools including a black free school, hotels, banks, and a population of 2,000. In 1895 Mineola became the site of the Wood County Fair. Since Mineola was in the heart of the East Texas timber belt, timber was plentiful for railroad tiemaking and lumber. Mineola provided most of the ties to complete the T&P RR west to El Paso in 1879, S. Zuckerman, a Mineola resident, filled contracts for 85,000 ties that were used in the construction. During the community’s first sixty years, farm products included cotton, livestock, fruit, and berries. A chair factory opened in 1886, became a crate and basket factory in 1900, and operated until 1952.
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