Carthage is a city and the county seat of Panola County, Texas, United States. This city is situated in East Texas, 150 miles southeast of Dallas and near the Louisiana state line. Its population was 6,779 at the 2010 census. Carthage was founded in 1847, two years after Texas was admitted to the United States. During the Civil War, men from Carthage and Panola County served as Confederate soldiers. African-American resident Milton M. Holland, formerly enslaved, served as a Union sergeant and earned a Medal of Honor.After the war, population growth was slow, but large amounts of cotton, corn, sweet potatoes, oats, and sugarcane were produced in the county. The city began to expand in 1888 when a railroad reached Carthage, along with telegraph and telephone lines.
During the Great Depression, a gas field was discovered near Carthage. After World War II, this gas field was developed and proved to be the largest in the United States. The city flourished, with the population increasing from about 1,300 to 5,000. During this period, a courthouse and a high school were built. Panola County Junior College was founded and built in Carthage. KGAS-AM 1590 began broadcasting in 1955. As a result of the higher population, Panola General Hospital was established.On August 22, 1998, the grand opening was held for the Texas Country Music Hall of Fame, located in Carthage.
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