Homer is a town in Cortland County, New York, United States of America. The population was 6,405 at the 2010 census. The name is from the Greek poet Homer.The town of Homer contains a village called Homer. The town is situated on the west border of Cortland County, immediately north of the city of Cortland. The region was part of the Central New York Military Tract, from which the cash-poor federal government granted land to soldiers of the American Revolution to pay them for their service. “Homer” was the name of one of the townships in the Military Tract, this name being assigned by a town clerk. The area was settled in 1791. The Town of Homer was established when Onondaga County was formed in 1794.
Cortland County was subsequently formed from Onondaga County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 50.7 square miles (131.2 km2), of which 50.2 square miles (130.0 km2) is land and 0.46 square miles (1.2 km2), or 0.91%, is water.The west town line is the border of Cayuga County. Interstate 81, U.S. Route 11, and New York State Route 281 are north-south highways. New York State Route 41 and New York State Route 90 converge on Homer village from the west. New York State Route 41A converges on NY-41 in the northwest quadrant of Homer. New York State Route 13 cuts across the southeast quadrant.
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