Groton is a village in Tompkins County, New York, United States. The population was 2,363 at the 2010 census. The Village of Groton is near the center of the Town of Groton and is northeast of Ithaca and west of Cortland. The village lies within the former Central New York Military Tract and was first settled by outsiders around 1795. Before then, the only purpose of the land surrounding Groton was to host the winding trails of the Native Americans that once lived in central New York. Also, they used the Owasco Inlet as a water source for their people, and possibly for transportation, though it is very shallow at some points. The village was within Cayuga County until Tompkins County was formed in 1817.
The Village of Groton was incorporated in 1860. The Groton High School was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1992. Students now attend Groton Junior/Senior High School. Groton is located at 42°35′12″N 76°21′53″W (42.586922, -76.364908).According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.5 km2).None of the area is covered with water. New York State Route 38 intersects New York State Route 222 in the village. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,470 people, 960 households, and 627 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,427.1 people per square mile (551.3/km2).
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