Cortland is a city in Cortland County, New York, United States of America. Known as the Crown City, Cortland is in New York’s Southern Tier region. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 19,204. It is the county seat of Cortland County.The city of Cortland, near the county’s western border, is surrounded by the town of Cortlandville. The city is within the former Central New York Military Tract. It is named after Pierre Van Cortlandt, the first lieutenant governor of New York. Cortland, settled in 1791, was made a village in 1853 (rechartered in 1864), and incorporated in 1900 as New York’s 41st city. When the county was formed in 1808, Cortland vied with other villages to become the county seat.
Known as the “Crown City” because of its location on a plain formed by the convergence of seven valleys, Cortland is 1,130 feet (340 m) above sea level. Forty stars representing the 40 cities incorporated before Cortland circle the State of New York and Crown on the city’s official seal. The seven points of the crown represent the seven valleys surrounding Cortland. The 41st star in the center of the crown illustrates Cortland as the incorporated city closest to New York’s geographic center. Cortland’s leading industry in the late 19th and early 20th centuries was the Wickwire Brothers wire-drawing mill, noted for its production of wire hardware cloth for use as window screens.
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