Roseland is a borough in western Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough’s population was 5,819, reflecting an increase of 521 (+9.8%) from the 5,298 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 451 (+9.3%) from the 4,847 counted in the 1990 Census.New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Roseland as its 7th best place to live in its 2015 rankings of the “Best Places To Live” in New Jersey. The borough was ranked 14th best place to live in the magazine’s 2008 rankings. In 2017 New Jersey Monthly Ranked Roseland as its 106th best place to live in its 2017 Rankings. In 2019 New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Roseland as 14th best place to live in NJ in its 2019 rankings.
Roseland was part of the Horseneck Tract, which was an area that consisted of what are now the municipalities of Caldwell, West Caldwell, North Caldwell, Fairfield, Verona, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Roseland, and portions of Livingston and West Orange. In 1702, settlers purchased the 14,000 acres (57 km2) Horseneck Tract — so-called because of its irregular shape that suggested a horse’s neck and head — from the Lenni Lenape Native Americans for goods equal to $325. This purchase encompassed much of western Essex County, from the First Mountain to the Passaic River.
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