Licking is a city located in Texas County, Missouri, United States. The population was 3,124 at the 2010 census. Licking is located in north central Texas County in the Ozarks of southern Missouri. The city is located at the intersection of U.S. Route 63 and Missouri Route 32.According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.14 square miles (5.54 km2), of which 2.13 square miles (5.52 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.The community was named for a mineral lick near the original town site. An early variant name was “Buffalo Lick”. Licking experienced growth after the South Central Correctional Center opened in June 2000, which doubled the population from the 2000 Census to the 2010 Census.
Also, a small Amish community moved from Berne, Indiana to Licking starting in 2009.As of the census of 2010, there were 3,124 people, 634 households, and 397 families living in the city. The population density was 1,466.7 inhabitants per square mile (566.3/km2). There were 742 housing units at an average density of 348.4 per square mile (134.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 73.1% White, 25.6% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population. There were 634 households, of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together.
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