Hanover is a town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 14,570 in 2019. The area of Hanover was first settled by English settlers in 1649 when William Barstow, a farmer, built a bridge along the North River at what is now Washington Street. The land was the westernmost portion of the town of Scituate, and it would officially separate and be incorporated as a town June 14, 1727. The name “Hanover” is probably a tribute to King George I, the first Hanoverian King of Great Britain. (While George I died on June 11, 1727, the reports would not have reached the colonies until after the town’s incorporation.)
The origin of the name “Hanover/Hannover” however, comes from the Middle Low German ho or hoch meaning ‘high’, and over meaning ‘bank’ or ‘shore’. There were seven separate villages settled within the town North Hanover, Four Corners, West Hanover, Center Hanover, South Hanover, Drinkwater, and Assinippi. Each village had its own school district, general store, and post offices. Hanover’s early industry revolved around farming, small mills, anchor forging, and several shipbuilding yards along the North River. The ship named “The Grand Turk” was built in Thomas Barstow’s Two Oaks shipyard along the North River. The ship was used by Elias Hasket Derby and was later adopted as the logo for Old Spice.
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