Greenwood is a city in Johnson County, Indiana, United States. The population was 49,791 at the 2010 Census, and increased to 59,458 in the Census 2019 estimates. Greenwood is located between Indiana State Road 37 and Interstate 65. The city shares a border with Indianapolis and is the most populous suburban municipality in the southern portion of the Indianapolis Metropolitan Area. The first inhabitants of the area currently known as Greenwood were the Delaware Indians (Lenape). In 1818, the Treaty of St. Mary’s opened central Indiana to European American settlement, and by 1823 the first cabin in northern Johnson County was erected by settlers John B. and Isaac Smock on land now occupied by Greenwood Park Mall.
Greenwood was first known as “Smocktown” or “Smock’s Settlement” in honor of the Smock brothers, and became “Greenfield” in 1825. Since this clashed with another Greenfield located in Hancock County, the name of the settlement was changed to “Greenwood” in 1833. Greenwood was incorporated as a town under Indiana law in 1864.Greenwood was an early and key cog in the Electric Indianapolis Interurban Railway System. In 1895, Henry L. Smith proposed and organized the Indianapolis, Greenwood & Franklin Company and graded the line to Greenwood.
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