Sauk Village (locally known as “The Village”) is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States, with a small portion in Will County. The population was 10,506 at the 2010 census.Sauk Village is located at 41°29′19″N 87°33′56″W (41.488535, -87.565658).According to the 2010 census, Sauk Village has a total area of 3.878 square miles (10.04 km2), of which 3.84 square miles (9.95 km2) (or 99.02%) is land and 0.038 square miles (0.10 km2) (or 0.98%) is water.The village stands on the Tinley Moraine. The Glenwood Shoreline cuts through the village. Neighboring towns include the Illinois communities of Lynwood to the northeast, Ford Heights to the north, Chicago Heights to the northwest, South Chicago Heights to the west, Steger to the southwest, and Crete to the south.
The town of Dyer, Indiana, is the nearest community to the east. The area that is now known as Sauk Village has been a center of activity for hundreds of years. Originally, several Native American tribes inhabited this land, which is a part of an area of high ground surrounding Lake Michigan known as the Valparaiso Moraine. The Native Americans used this high ground for transporting herd animals and trade items. Though the Potawatomi and Illinois Confederation tribes were native to the area, the Sauk people, from Michigan, became the namesake of the Sauk Trail. As the westward expansion increased during the 19th century, the Sauk tribes were forced to move westward. Annually, they would travel the Sauk Trail to collect treaty money from Canada and the United States.
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