San Jose[A] (; Spanish: [saŋ xoˈse]; Spanish for ‘”Saint Joseph“‘), officially the City of San José,[B] is the cultural, financial, and political center of Silicon Valley and the largest city in Northern California, by both population and area. With an estimated 2019 population of 1,021,795, it is the third-most populous city in California (after Los Angeles and San Diego) and the tenth-most populous in United States. Located in the center of the Santa Clara Valley, on the southern shore of San Francisco Bay, San Jose covers an area of 179.97 square miles (466.1 km2). San Jose is the county seat of Santa Clara County, the most affluent county in California and one of the most affluent counties in the United States. San Jose is the main component of the San Jose–Sunnyvale–Santa Clara Metropolitan Statistical Area.
San Jose is notable as a center of innovation, for its affluence, Mediterranean climate, and extremely high cost of living. San Jose’s location within the booming high tech industry, as a cultural, political, and economic center has earned the city the nickname “Capital of Silicon Valley“. San Jose is one of the wealthiest major cities in the United States and the world.
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