Menlo Park is a city located at the eastern edge of San Mateo County within the San Francisco Bay Area of California in the United States. It is bordered by San Francisco Bay on the north and east; East Palo Alto, Palo Alto, and Stanford to the south; and Atherton, North Fair Oaks, and Redwood City to the west. Menlo Park is one of the most educated cities in California and the United States; nearly 70% of residents over the age of 25 have earned a bachelor’s degree or higher. Menlo Park had 32,026 inhabitants according to the 2010 United States Census, which had grown to an estimated 34,698 inhabitants by 2019. The city is home to the corporate headquarters of Facebook, and is where Google and Round Table Pizza were founded.
The area of Menlo Park was inhabited by the Ohlone people when the Portolá expedition arrived in 1769.In 1795, the Rancho de las Pulgas land grant was made that included the area of the current city. In 1851, two Irish immigrants, Dennis J. Oliver and his brother-in-law D. C. McGlynn, purchased a 1,700-acre (690 ha) tract of land on the former Rancho de las Pulgas. In 1854, they erected a gate with a wooden arch bearing the inscription “Menlo Park” and the date “August 1854” at the entrance to their property (now the intersection of Middle Ave and El Camino Real). The word “Menlo” derived from the owners’ former home of Menlough in County Galway, Ireland, and is an Anglicized version of the original Irish name of the place, Mionloch, meaning “middle lake”.
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